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Catalogue POP – Notice individuelle de publication

Buysschaert Bram, Neiner Coralie, Richardson N. D., Ramiaramanantsoa T., David-Uraz Alexandre, Pablo Herbert, Oksala Mary E., Moffat A. F. J., Mennickent Ronald E., Legeza S., Aerts Conny, Kuschnig R., Whittaker G. N., Popowicz A., Handler Gerald, Wade Gregg, Weiss Werner W.

Studying the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the magnetic hot supergiant zeta Orionis Aa

Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2017, vol. 602

Référence ADS : 2017A&A...602A..91B

Résumé :

Massive stars play a significant role in the chemical and dynamical evolution of galaxies. However, much of their variability, particularly during their evolved supergiant stage, is poorly understood. To understand the variability of evolved massive stars in more detail, we present a study of the O9.2Ib supergiant zeta Ori Aa, the only currently confirmed supergiant to host a magnetic field. We have obtained two-color space-based BRIght Target Explorer photometry (BRITE) for zeta Ori Aa during two observing campaigns, as well as simultaneous ground-based, high-resolution optical CHIRON spectroscopy. We perform a detailed frequency analysis to detect and characterize the star's periodic variability. We detect two significant, independent frequencies, their higher harmonics, and combination frequencies: the stellar rotation period P<SUB>rot</SUB> = 6.82 ± 0.18 d, most likely related to the presence of the stable magnetic poles, and a variation with a period of 10.0 ± 0.3 d attributed to circumstellar environment, also detected in the Halpha and several He I lines, yet absent in the purely photospheric lines. We confirm the variability with P<SUB>rot</SUB>/4, likely caused by surface inhomogeneities, being the possible photospheric drivers of the discrete absorption components. No stellar pulsations were detected in the data. The level of circumstellar activity clearlydiffers between the two BRITE observing campaigns. We demonstrate that zeta Ori Aa is a highly variable star with both periodic and non-periodic variations, as well as episodic events. The rotation period we determined agrees well with the spectropolarimetric value from the literature. The changing activity level observed with BRITE could explain why the rotational modulation of the magnetic measurements was not clearly detected at all epochs.

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