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Lopez-Valverde Miguel, Drossart Pierre, Carlson Robert, Mehlman R., Roos-Serote Maarten

Non-LTE infrared observations at Venus: From NIMS/Galileo to VIRTIS/Venus Express

Planetary and Space Science, 2007, vol. 55, pp. 1757-1771

Référence DOI : 10.1016/j.pss.2007.01.008
Référence ADS : 2007P&SS...55.1757L

Résumé :

Recent improvements in a comprehensive non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) model of CO <SUB>2</SUB> atmospheres has permitted a better understanding of a number of Venusian atmospheric measurements taken more than a decade ago by the "Near Infrared Mapping Spectrometer" (NIMS) on board the Galileo spacecraft during its Venus fly-by. Those data, containing a strong non-LTE component, showed a structure in the 4.3-mum spectral region which was challenging for non-LTE models so far. The model used in this work was refined after analysis of Martian CO <SUB>2</SUB> atmospheric emission taken by the "Planetary Fourier Spectrometer" (PFS) and the "Visible and Infrared Mineralogical Mapping Spectrometer" (OMEGA) instruments on board Mars Express. Here we show that both the limb and the nadir measurements of the Venus daylight atmosphere taken at 4.3-mum by NIMS can be fitted reasonably well with the revised model. This gives confidence in the usage of such model for the analysis of the Venus Express mission, in particular for the "Visible Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer" (VIRTIS) instrument which will systematically observe these emissions. We present here non-LTE simulations for VIRTIS which demonstrate its capabilities and potential for detecting atmospheric emissions of CO and CO <SUB>2</SUB> under non-LTE, both in limb and nadir observations and we discuss briefly the perspectives to use them in order to improve our understanding of the physics of the upper atmosphere of Venus.

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