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De Bergh Catherine, Moroz Vassili, Taylor Frederic W., Crisp David, Bézard Bruno, Zasova Ludmilla

The composition of the atmosphere of Venus below 100 km altitude: An overview

Planetary and Space Science, 2006, vol. 54, pp. 1389-1397

Référence DOI : 10.1016/j.pss.2006.04.020
Référence ADS : 2006P&SS...54.1389D

Résumé :

We review the progress in our understanding of the composition of the Venus atmosphere since the publication of the COSPAR Venus International Reference Atmosphere volume in 1985. Results presented there were derived from data compiled in 1982-1983. More recent progress has resulted in large part from Earth-based studies of the near-infrared radiation from the nightside of the planet. These observations allow us to probe the atmosphere between the cloud tops and the surface. Additional insight has been gained through: (i) the analysis of ultraviolet radiation by satellites and rockets; (ii) data collected by the Vega 1 and 2 landers; (iii) complementary analyses of Venera 15 and 16 data; (iv) ground-based and Magellan radio occultation measurements, and (v) re-analyses of some spacecraft measurements made before 1983, in particular the Pioneer Venus and Venera 11, 13 and 14 data. These new data, and re-interpretations of older data, provide a much better knowledge of the vertical profile of water vapor, and more information on sulfur species above and below the clouds, including firm detections of OCS and SO. In addition, some spatial and/or temporal variations have been observed for CO, H <SUB>2</SUB>O, H <SUB>2</SUB>SO <SUB>4</SUB>, SO <SUB>2</SUB>, and OCS. New values of the D/H ratio have also been obtained.

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