Institut national de recherche scientifique français Univerité Pierre et Marie Curie Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7

The polar regions of Jupiter

mardi 20 fĂ©vrier 2024, par Vincent HUE (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille)

Mardi 27 fĂ©vrier 2024 à 16h00 , Lieu : Salle de confĂ©rence du bâtiment 17

The polar atmosphere of Jupiter is a complex region were chemistry, dynamics and magnetospheric-coupling are intertwined. Several decades of ground-based observations and spacecraft measurements (Voyager, Cassini, Juno) are progressively revealing how rich and complex these regions are. Species such as HCN, CO, H2O were brought in large amount during the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact in 1994 and provide important dynamical tracers, as they have spread across the atmosphere over the last 30 years. Hydrocarbons originate from methane-photolysis and are affected by auroral precipitations, leading to the formation of aerosols across the polar cap. Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling generates powerful electrojets that drag the neutral stratosphere underneath. I will review our current understanding of these regions, based on observations from Cassini, Juno, ALMA, Gemini, and IRTF.